Note: Omit page numbers if not provided; instead, use Article Numbers, if any.
(Cite the same as print articles; omit page numbers, if not given; instead, use Article Numbers, if any). https://doi.org/… (if given)
Burunat, E. (2019, August). Love is a physiological motivation (like hunger, thirst, sleep, or sex). Medical Hypotheses, 129, Article 109225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2019.05.011
(Cite the same as print articles; include description in brackets to help locate supplements; omit page numbers, if not given; instead, use Article Numbers, if any). https://doi.org/… (if given)
Beconyte, G., Eismontaite, A., & Zemaitiene, J. (2014, January 10). Mythical creatures of Europe [Supplemental material: Main map]. Journal of Maps, 10(1), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2013.867544
Pionke, J. J. (2017). Beyond ADA compliance: The library as a place for all. Urban Library Journal, 23(1), Article 3. http://academicworks.cuny.edu/ulj/vol23/iss1/3
Turkewitz, J. (2019, June 22). Who gets to own the west? The New York Times, p. A1. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/22/us/wilks-brothers-fracking-business.html
Author(s). (Date). Title of post. Blog Title, otherwise, use Periodical Title, if given. https://doi.org/... (if given) or URL of work cited
Lewis, R. (2020, January 9). Will new knowledge of gender identity genomics counter discrimination? DNA Science. https://blogs.plos.org/dnascience/2020/01/09/will-new-knowledge-of-gender-identity-genomics-counter-discrimination
Author(s). (Date). Title of article. News Site Name. https://doi.org/... (if given) or URL
Illing, S. (2018, April 6). How search engines are making us more racist. Vox. https://www.vox.com/2018/4/3/17168256
Author(s). (Date). Title of work (Document number, if any) [Description of information, if relevant]. Database or Repository. https://doi.org/... (if given) or, if material is open-access, URL
Abdalla, S. (2018). Experiences of faculty women of color: A literature review (ED582905). ERIC. https://files.eric.ed.gov/ fulltext/ED582905.pdf
Teen homelessness [Topic overview]. (2019). Gale Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection.
Note: Omit page numbers and/or publisher, if not provided.
(Cite the same as print books, omitting, if not provided, publisher name and/or page numbers). https://doi.org/… (if given)
Carillo, E. C. (2018). Teaching readers in post-truth America. University Press of Colorado; Utah State University Press. https://doi.org/10.7330/9781607327912
Mountain oysters. (2014). In J. F. Mariani, The encyclopedia of American food and drink (2nd ed.). Bloomsbury.
(Cite the same as print books, omitting, if not provided, publisher name and/or page numbers). Website, if different than author or title. https://doi.org/... (if given) or URL for book or section
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Anxiety disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm05
Brownstein, M. (2019). Implicit bias. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2019 ed.). Stanford University. https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2019/entries/implicit-bias
Author. (Year). Dissertation or thesis title (Publication No., if any) [Doctoral dissertation or Master's thesis, Name of Institution]. https://doi.org/... (if given) or Database or Repository and URL
Nkere, N. (2016). Involvement of African-American girls in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education (Publication No. 10619097) [Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University]. ProQuest Education Database.
O'Brien, S. M. (2019). Unsupervised summarization of public talk radio [Master’s thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology]. DSpace@MIT. http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582
Agency, office, institute, bureau, or department. (Date). Webpage or report title (Report number or Series Title, number and issue, if any). Parent Agencies, if any. https://doi.org/... (if given) or URL
Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2019, March). Characteristics of minimum wage workers, 2018 (Report No. 1078). U.S. Department of Labor. https://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/ minimum-wage/2018/pdf/home.pdf
MedlinePlus. (2020, January 14). Flu. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine. https://medlineplus.gov/flu.html
Author(s). (Date). Webpage or title of report Title (Report number or Series Title, number and issue, if any). Agency, office, institute, bureau, or department. https://doi.org/... (if given) or URL
Keisman, J. L. D., Devereau, O. H., LaMotte, A. E., Sekellick, A. J., & Blomquist, J. D. (2018). Manure and fertilizer inputs to land in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, 1950–2012 (Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5022). U.S. Geological Survey. https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185022
Perry, S. W. (2019, July). Tribal crime data-collection activities, 2019 (NCJ 252983). Bureau of Justice Statistics. http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6646
Author(s). (Date). Title of webpage [Description of information, if relevant]. Website Name, if different than author. https://doi.org/… (if given) or URL
Association of College & Research Libraries. (2011). Standards for libraries in higher education. http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/standards/slhe.pdf
Laskowski, E. R. (2018, October 26). What is hot yoga? Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/consumer-health/expert-answers/hot-yoga/faq-20058057
Author [screen name]. (Date).* Content of post, up to 20 words [Attached media, if any] [Description or Format]. Site Name. URL
Tyson, N. D. [@neiltyson]. (2020, January 7). Climate versus Weather... [Video attached] [Tweet]. Twitter.https://twitter.com/neiltyson/status/1214676892265123842
(Cite the same as artwork).
Kahlo, F. (1948). La columna rota [The broken column] [Painting]. Museo Dolores Olmedo, Mexico City, Mexico.
(Cite the same as artwork). URL
Sherald, A. (2018). First Lady Michelle Obama [Painting]. Smithsonian Institution National Portrait Gallery, Washington, DC, United States. https://npg.si.edu/object/npg_NPG.2018.15
(Cite the same as films and broadcast TV episodes).
Culpepper, M. & Draper, N. (Directors). (2005). Bachelor farmer [Film]. Stick Pony Rodeo Productions.
Rowley, R. (Writer & Director). (2018, November 20). Documenting hate: New American nazis (Season 37, Episode 10) [TV show episode]. In R. Rowley, A. C. Thompson, K. Hajj, J. Soohen, N. Verbitsy (Producers), Frontline. Midnight Films.
Person or group who uploaded the video [screen name, if any]. (Date). Video title [Video]. Website. URL
Singh, L. (2017, June 8). A geography class for racist people [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/8WfEkXvGQhY
TEDx Talks. (2018, March 6). Sheila Sarem: The social capital gap [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/z9kHCO7xbYQ
Speaker(s). (Date). Title of talk [Video] TED Conferences. URL
Lee, D. N. (2019, April). How hip-hop helps us understand science [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/danielle_n_lee_how_hip_hop_helps_us_understand_science
*If, instead, the talk is on a TED or TEDx YouTube channel, cite it as a YouTube video.
Host(s) or Executive Producer(s). (Date). Title of episode (Episode number, if given) [Audio or Video podcast episode]. In Podcast title. Production Company, if any. URL, if known
Britt, M. A. (2019, April 4). An introduction to cross cultural psychology [Audio podcast episode]. In The psych files. http://www.thepsychfiles.com/2019/04/ep-322-an-introduction-to-cross-cultural-psychology
Speaker(s) or Interviewee(s). (Date). Title, if any [Description, e.g., Interview, Reading video recording, Speech audio recording, etc.]. Digital Repository; Parent Organization, if any. Website, if different than Repository/Organization. URL
Wilson, M. (1987, January 30). Off the record interview with Mary Wilson, 1987-01-30 [Interview]. Joe Smith Collection; Library of Congress. https://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mbrsrs/mbrsjoesmith.1836013
Author(s). (Date). Presentation title [Description, i.e., PowerPoint slides, Prezi slides, etc.]. Website. URL
Le Meur, E. (2017, January 11). How to think like a startup [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare. https://www.slideshare.net/loiclemeur/how-to-think-like-a-startup
Personal communications include emails, letters, text and direct messages, telephone and in-person conversations, interviews, and any other unrecoverable, unarchived sources. Because they are difficult to recover, they are not listed in bibliographies and references pages; instead, they are cited in-text only. Example:
(E. A. Champlin, personal communication, May 3, 2017)
Library photo courtesy of Barry Halkin Photography