MLA-style and APA-style guidelines change over time, especially for citing sources accessed electronically. This guide incorporates the most up-to-date information about how to cite sources correctly.
If you use a citation generator from a database or website, doublecheck, using this guide, to be sure the generator has used the current rules.
Articles in journals
Author name. (Date). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number, if available), page number(s). http://dx.doi.org/... (if given)
Watson, J. D., & Crick, F. H. (1953). A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature, 171, 737-738.
Articles in magazines
Author name. (year, month or month range or season or month and day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, volume number(issue number, when applicable), page number(s). http://dx.doi.org/... (if given)
Gerry, R. (1997, April-June). Tempo training for freestyle. Swimming Technique, 34(1), 40-42.
Rehder, B. (2007, September 17). Pure muscle and all heart: Ezzy, a doting Pit bull. Newsweek, 150(2), 19.
Articles in daily newspapers
Author name. (year, month day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, p. or pp. page(s). http://dx.doi.org/... (if given)
Munsey, C., & Shuey, P. J. (1997, May 8). Bomb threats to become felony. The Capital, pp. A1, A6.
Unsigned articles in newspapers
Title of article. (Year, month day). Title of Newspaper, p. or pp. page(s). http://dx.doi.org/... (if given)
Haley charged. (2009, June 1). Springfield Post, p. A1, A10.
Editorials and letters to Editors of newspapers
Author name. (year, month day). Title of article [Editorial or Letter to the Editor]. Title of Newspaper, p. or pp. page(s). http://dx.doi.org/... (if given)
Beckman, A. (2008, January 15). Why state songbirds matter [Letter to the Editor]. The Sun, p. D10.
Book and film reviews
Reviewer name. (Date). Title of review (if any) [Review of the book/film Title, by author(s), editor(s), or producer(s), director(s), etc., year of release (if a film, DVD, video game, etc.). Title of Periodical, volume(issue), pages(s). http://dx.doi.org/... (if given)
Maslin, J. (1998, December 11). The causes [Review of the DVD Gang Context, produced by Police Now, 1998]. Reels, 8(4), 45.
Wrathall, J. (2009, February). [Review of the book Fires on Fire, by R. Maddox]. Soundings, 7(2), 57-59.
Periodical articles from library databases - with DOI
(Cite as you would articles in print). http://dx.doi.org/...
(For more information about DOIs, see left, "Electronic Info - APA")
Martin, J., & Tokada, K. (2007, December). Face recognition in chimpanzees. Behavioral Sciences Journal, 21(4), 39-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7044.121.6.1145
Periodical articles from Library Databases - no DOI
(Cite as you would articles in print, omitting, if not provided, page numbers). Retrieved from hompage URL of the periodical - if none exists, homepage URL of the database
Gerdes, V. (1963). Insuring the flood peril. Journal of Insurance, 33(4), 547-553. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org
Spending at Humana trims profit. (2012, May 1). New York Times, p. B2. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com
Periodicals articles from websites
(Cite as you would articles in print, without page numbers if not provided). http://dx.doi.org/... or Retrieved from periodical hompage URL
Bishop, K. & Kimball, M. A. (2006, Fall). Engaging students in storytelling. Teacher Librarian, 33(4), 28-31. Retrieved from http://www.teacherlibrarian.com
Muller, C. M. P., Brenner, E., & Smeets, J. B. J. (2009). Maybe they are all circles: Clues and cues. Journal of Vision, 9(9), 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/9.9.10
Online-only periodical supplements
(Cite as you would articles in print, without page numbers if not provided, including description in brackets after the supplement title, e.g., [Supplemental material], [Audio podcast], [Map], [Letter to the editor]). http://dx.doi.org/... or Retrieved from peridocial homepage URL
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