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Citation Guide: Books - APA

A guide to creating citations for bibliographies and works cited pages

Websites for APA Style Citations

Many of these sites offer information about constructing in-text citations, as well as constructing citations for bibliographies and references lists: 

Book Info - APA


  • If the first element of a citation, display the author's last name first, followed by first and middle initials.
  • Separate names with a comma; use an ampersand (&) before the last author.
  • Use Ed. for one editor, Eds. for multiple editors.
  • If no author is given, book title appears first, then date.


  • Use the year the book was published.
  • Use (n.d.) if no date is given.


  • Book and chapter titles: capitalize the first word and proper nouns

Places of Publication 

  • Include the city name and two letter state abbreviation.

Page numbers

  • Use p. for one page, pp. for two or more pages.


    • If given, include the DOI.

    Electronic Info - APA


    • When available, use a DOI (digital object identifier); look for a DOI at the beginning or end of an online document. Most will start with and will be active links. If the DOI doesn't start with, put doi: in front of it in the citation.
    • For more information, see the DOI website. To see if an article or book has a DOI assigned to it, use

    Library Databases

    • For an article, if no DOI is given, use the periodical's homepage URL. If no DOI is provided for an eBook, use the publisher's homepage URL. Do not use direct links to information about specific periodical articles or books, as these links can change. If no website for the publisher or periodical exits, use the databases's homepage URL.
    • For video, audio, and other multimedia resources, use the database's hompage URL.
    • For more help, visit this DOI and URL Flowchart provided by the APA.


    • Provide the homepage URL, rather than the full URL, when an item is easily found with a search. 
    • URLs should not be underlined.


    • If unlikely to change (like articles in library databases, or any works previously or simultaneously published in print), a retrieval date is no longer necessary.
    • Use (n.d.) if no date is given for publication or copyright.


    MLA-style and APA-style guidelines change over time, especially for citing sources accessed electronically. This guide incorporates the most up-to-date information about how to cite sources correctly.

    If you use a citation generator from a database or website, doublecheck, using this guide, to be sure the generator has used the current rules.

    Please Note

    Citations should be double-spaced in an actual Bibliography, Works Cited, or References list, and works should be ordered alphabetically by author.

    Citing Printed Books - APA

    Books by single authors
    Author name. (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.

    Chitty, D. (1996). Do lemmings commit suicide? Beautiful hypothoses and ugly facts. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Books by two or more authors
    Author names. (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.

    Rosellini, G., & Worden, M. (1997). Of course you're angry: A guide to dealing with the emotions of substance abuse (Rev. ed.). Center City, MN: Hazelden.

    Books with editor(s)
    Editor name(s) followed by (Ed.) or (Eds.). (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.

    Moten, B., Elver, F., & Cuscher, J. (Eds.). (2005). Lives in context: Perspectives on the ecology of humans. Washington, DC: American Psychology Council.

    Books by corporate authors
    Corporate author. (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher (if the publisher is the author, list Author for the publisher).

    Children's Expressions. (2008). From the future: Children speak about oppression. New York, NY: Author.

    Books by unknown authors
    Title of book. (Year). Place of publication: Publisher.

    New York Public Library business desk reference (Rev. ed). (1999). New York, NY: J. Wiley.

    Editions other than the first
    Author name. (Year). Title of book (Description of edition or number of edition). Place of publication: Publisher.

    Hoof, S. (2009). Making incredible presentations (New rev. ed.). Kansas City, MO: Andre and Meel.

    Pasachoff, J. (1992). Field guide to the stars and planets (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. 

    Multivolume works
    Author name(s) or Editor's name(s) followed by (Ed.). (Year). Title of multivolume work (Vol. volume number/s). Place of publication: Publisher.

    Mills, L. (1996). Architecture of the Old South (Vols. 1-2). Savannah, GA: Beehive Foundation.

    Sections of books (chapters, introductions, etc.)
    Author of section being cited. (Year). Title of section or description. In Author(s) or Ed(s). of book (first initial first), Title of book (pp. section pages). Place of publication: Publisher.

    Jeffrey, I. (1988). Introduction. In B. Savelev, Secret city: photographs from the USSR (pp. 8-12). New York, NY: Thames and Hudson.

    Works in anthologies
    Author name. (Year). Title of selection. In Editor’s name (Ed.), Title of anthology  (Edition, Volume (if any), pp. page numbers of selection). Place of publication: Publisher.

    Cage, J. (2001). Tribes of times. In R. Katz and B. Grandate (Eds.), Writings for the millenium (3rd ed., Vol. 1, p. 45). Chicago: St. Paul Press.

    Undin, J. (2008). Heart times. In M. Meyer (Ed.), Essays on hope (rev. ed., pp. 487-491). Boston: Martin Press.

    Works reprinted in anthologies
    Author name. (Year). Title of selection. In Editor’s name (Ed.), Title of anthology  (Edition, Volume (if any), pp. page numbers of selection). Place of publication: Publisher. (Reprinted from Original Citation Information)

    Mailer, N. (1992). Children of the Pied Piper. In T. Votteler (Ed.), Contemporary literary criticism (Vol. 71, pp. 152-157). Detroit: Gale. (Reprinted from Vanity Fair, 54(3), 154-161, 1991, March)

    Stervant, G. (2005). Art history and its exclusions. In J. C. McIntire & D. F. Polinski (Eds.), Critical perspectives on art education (pp. 99-115). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. (Reprinted from Missing: Uncovering art, pp. 1-14, by F. N. White, Ed., 1975, New York, NY: Nova) 

    Entries from encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference books
    Author name (if applicable). (Year). Entry heading or title. In Editor name(s) (if any), Title of reference book  (Edition, Volume (if any), p. or pp. page(s) of selection). Place of publication: Publisher.

    Eschatology. (1982). In Webster’s new world dictionary of the American language (2nd ed., p. 383). New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

    Tavris, C. (1989). Queen bee syndrome. In B. Yark and G. Himmel (Eds.), Women’s encyclopedia (Vol. 1, p. 307). New York, NY: Greenward.

    Images and other visuals from books
    Creator of image or artwork (if given). (Year of creation or publication). Title [medium] or [Description, including medium]. Repository of artwork, Location (if applicable). In Title of Book, Edition, Vol. volume (if any), p. or pp. page(s), by Author(s ) or Ed(s)., year, Publication place: Publisher.

    [Human heart diagram]. (2007). In Coronary conditions, p. 5, by L. Hamby, 2006, New York, NY: Universe.

    Piccato, N. (1795). Fig tree [painting]. Museum of Historical Art, New York, NY. In Art with foliage, 2nd ed., p. 34, by F. Wye (Ed.), 2009, New York: NY: Nola.

    [Satellite photographs of light distributions in Maryland]. (2007). In Too light: The effects of light pollution, pp. 392-399, by M. Knight, 2008, New York, NY: Riley

    Citing eBooks

    eBooks from library databases
    (Cite as you would books in print, omitting, if not provided, page numbers, publisher name, and location). or Retrieved from publisher's homepage URL - if none exists, homepage URL of the database

    Drum, D., & Zierenberg, T. (2006). The type 2 diabetes sourcebook (3rd ed.).

    Prairie oysters. (2002). In Rawson's dictionary of euphemisms and otherdoubletalk. Retrieved from

    eBooks from eReaders
    (Cite as you would books in print, omitting, if not provided, page numbers, publisher name, and location)
    [eReader version]. or Retrieved from homepage URL of the site where the book was downloaded

    Drum, D., & Zierenberg, T. (2006). The type 2 diabetes sourcebook (3rd ed.)[Adobe Digital Editions version].

    Paludi, M. A. (2004). Praeger guide to the psychology of gender [Nook version]. Retrieved from

    Undin, J. (2008). Heart times. In M. Meyer (Ed.), Essays on hope  (rev. ed.) [Kindle Fire version] (pp. 487-491). Retrieved from

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