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Citation Guide (archived): APA Style, 6th ed.

A guide to creating citations for bibliographies and works cited pages

This guide does NOT use the latest APA style guidelines

These examples follow guidelines from the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2013), which are currently out of date. Examples that reflect the 7th edition guidelines (2020) are available now at

Websites for APA Style Citations

Many of these sites offer information about constructing in-text citations, as well as constructing citations for bibliographies and references lists: 


Do you have an early version of the (6th) edition? 

APA issued corrections for mistakes in the first printing.  You may wish to print the corrections and keep them with your Publication Manual.

APA Style

 APA (American Psychological Association) Style is used in Social Science disciplines, like Psychology and Education.  Always consult your assignment or ask your instructor for the correct citation style to use.

Citations for Articles (from journals, magazines, and newspapers)

Citations for Books

Citations for Other Resources (like films, TV programs, radio broadcasts, research interviews, etc.)

Citations for Online Resources (including resources from library databases, websites, email, etc.)

For explanations and examples of in-text citations, as well as citations for other types of sources, refer to the most recent editions of authoritative texts:

APA Style Guide to Electronic References 
Access an electronic PDF version through Truxal Library's catalog.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
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