A "citation" is basic information about a source (author, title, publisher, date, etc.), which allows the reader to access that source. The words "citations" and "references" are sometimes used interchangeably. A "citation style" is a standardized method for structuring a citation.
When using APA format, you list all of the citations at the end of your paper in a Reference List (or, if you are writing an annotated bibliography, the citations are listed in alphabetical order with annotations underneath each). These citations must be written in proper APA citation style.
The Purdue OWL website is a great resource for APA citation style. Here are some of the pages on this website that are particularly helpful:
For more information and examples, check out the AACC library's APA Citation guide:
An in-text citation is a brief mention of the source of your information or quote. The author (or title if there is no author) and page number are included so your reader or audience can go right to the full bibliographic information in your Reference list. For a short Introduction to In-Text Citing watch this brief video created by Dr. David Taylor.
Many of the library databases will generate citations for the sources in whatever format you choose. Look for icons in database toolbars that say "Cite" or something similar. Since these citations are generated by the computer, always double check them to make sure they are correct!
Plagiarism carries very serious consequences, so it is very important that you avoid plagiarizing by citing your sources!
Library photo courtesy of Barry Halkin Photography