PRINCIPLES TO GUIDE THE CREATION OF A COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION PROGRAM:
In developing CBE programs, colleges and universities are using the tools below to derive or refine the competencies on which learning and assessment are based.
DEGREE QUALIFICATIONS PROFILE
Published by the Lumina Foundation in 2011, the DQP was tested and used by more than 400 colleges and universities, 4 regional accrediting associations and several constituency organizations before its formal release in 2014. It describes what students should know and be able to do in 5 learning categories at the associate, bachelor's and master's degree level regardless of the field of study.
The 5 learning categories are: Specialized Knowledge ; Broad and Integrative Knowledge ; Intellectual Skills ; Applied and Collaborative Learning ; Civic and Global Learning.
Specialized Knowledge, for example, addresses what students in any field of study should demonstrate in that specialization. At the Associate level under Specialized Knowlede DQP calls for the student to :
Tuning USA, an allied initiative, supports faculty, institutions, systems and consortia to describe the concepts, knowledge areas and accomplishments particular to each specialization.
INDUSTRY COMPETENCY MODELS
Industry models are developed by the U.S. Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration in collaboration with business leaders, educators and others. The models contribute to the development of curriculum, certifications and assessments of skill sets and competencies necessary in educating a globally competitive workforce.
Models have been developed for industries including automation, bioscience, cybersecurity, entrepreneurship, mechatronics and retail.
The Transportation, Distribution and Logistics Competency Model was updated in 2014. The structure is typical of the structure used for each model.
Using mouseovers, the web-based models define each competency. For example, the Workplace Competency for Checking Examining and Recording is defined as "Entering, transcribing, recording, storing or maintaining information in written or electronic format." The top level Occupation Specific Requirements and the Management Competencies vary by position within the industry.
Explore the Competency Model Clearninghouse website for complete information.
LEAP (LIBERAL EDUCATION AND AMERICA'S PROMISE)
Introduced in 2005 through the Association of American Colleges and Universities, LEAP offers a set of Essential Learning Outcomes along with rubrics for assessment. Through these outcomes, students prepare for 21rst century challenges by gaining:
The Essential Learning Outcomes are supported by Principles of Excellence developed by a national leadership council of educators and policymakers in 2007. Together they provide a framework to guide students' progress and to inform change in universities and colleges with challenging standards and flexible guidance.
The Principles of Excellence:
Library photo courtesy of Barry Halkin Photography